Liver Specialist Ottawa - The liver is a vital organ that does numerous functions in the body comprising: protein synthesis, detoxification, and the production of biochemicals that are important for digestion. For the body to survive, the liver is required. Liver dialysis may be used for short term but there is no way to function without a liver for long term.
The liver plays an important part in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, the decomposition of red blood cells, hormone production and detoxification. It is found within the abdominal-pelvic region of the tummy, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for bile production. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues which make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like for instance the breakdown and synthesis of small and complex molecules.
The liver is rather unique in that it is capable of generating naturally. With as little as 25%, the liver can make a full regeneration into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth instead of true regeneration. Hence, the lobes of the liver which are removed do not re-grow, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
The liver in truth, supports practically every organ within the body and is vital for survival. Then again, the liver is prone to lots of illnesses due to its location in the body and its multidimensional functions which it does. Amongst the most common liver illnesses include: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, cancer and tumors and damage due to heavy drug use, especially cancer drugs and acetaminophen, also known as paracetamol.
A large number of liver illnesses are accompanied by jaundice. This is due to increased levels of bilirubin in the body, resulting from the breakup of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Typically, the liver eliminates bilirubin from the blood and emits it through bile. Sicknesses which affect liver function would cause derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a large reserve ability and likewise a large capacity to regenerate. Usually, the liver just shows symptoms after extensive damage has happened.
Classic liver damage symptoms include: dark urine when bilirubin mixes along with the urine, pale stools happen when the brown pigment stercobilin is absent from the stool. This pigment is derived from bilirubin metabolites that are produced within the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the skin or the white of the eyes which happens where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This results in an intense itching sensation that is the most common patient complaint with individuals suffering liver failure.
When there is a loss of minerals, nutrients and vitamins, excessive fatigue could happen. When the liver fails to produce albumin, swelling may take place in the abdomen, ankles and feet. Easy bruising and bleeding are other indications. Substances which help to prevent bleeding are produced within the liver, therefore, when liver damage is present, these substances are no longer available and severe bleeding could result.
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