Diabetes Ottawa - Diabetes mellitus is often referred to simply as diabetes. It is a group of metabolic disease in which an individual suffers from high blood sugar. This can take place either because a body does not produce an adequate amount of insulin or because the cells in the body do not respond correctly to the insulin that is made. High blood sugar produces classical symptoms of increased thirst, called polydipsia, increased hunger, called polyphagia and frequent urination, called polyuria.
3 Main Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: This specific type of diabetes comes from the body's failure to produce any insulin. Hence, these people need insulin injections into their body. This particular type is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM. It is also referred to as Juvenile Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: This particular type of diabetes is caused by insulin resistance. In this particular condition, the cells fail to use insulin properly. Every so often, insulin resistance is combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. This type of diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes and non-insulin dependent diabetes or NIDDM.
Gestational Diabetes: Gestational Diabetes takes place when pregnant women who have not had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. This kind of diabetes can precede development for Type 2 Diabetes.
The less common kinds of diabetes consist of steroid diabetes induced by large doses of glucocorticoids, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, congenital diabetes, that is caused by genetic defects of insulin secretion, and several kinds of monogenic diabetes.
Treatments making use of insulin became accessible in 1921, whilst some drugs are available to treat type 2 diabetes. Normally, most type 1 and type 2 diabetic conditions are not cured and chronic. In type 1, pancreas transplants have been tried with limited success. In many people with morbid obesity and type 2, gastric bypass surgery has been successful. Normally, gestational diabetes resolves itself once the baby is born.
There can be complex complications if diabetics do not receive the right treatments. For instance, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycaemia or nonketotic hyperosmolar comas are amongst the acute health problems that can occur. Serious long-term health issues consist of: retinal damage, chronic renal failure and cardiovascular disease. It is essential to implement lifestyle factors like blood pressure control, maintaining a healthy body eight and smoking cessation, along with adequate treatment of diabetes in order to maintain a quality of life which is acceptable.
Statistics of 2000 reported approximately 171 million individuals all around the globe suffer from diabetes, or 2.8% of the population. By far, type 2 diabetes is the most common. This type affects as much as 95 percent of the population in the United States.
Symptoms and Signs
The most easily recognized and common symptoms of diabetes comprise frequent urination or polyuria, polyphagia or increased hunger and polydipsia or increased thirst. Normally, symptoms develop rapidly within weeks or months with type 1 diabetes, while in type 2, they normally develop much more slowly and can be absent or really subtle.
Vision changes can take place due to lenses in the eyes changing shape from prolonged high blood glucose levels causing glucose absorption. Usually, sensible and sustained glucose control can return the lens to its original shape. Normally, blurred vision is one of the complaints causing diagnosis of type 1 diabetes and should be suspected in cases of rapid vision change. Type 2 diabetics normally have more gradual changes in their vision.
Type 1 diabetes can manifest abdominal pain, Kussmaul breathing, altered states of consciousness, vomiting and diabetic ketoacidosis. With a type 2 diabetic, there is a higher possibility of a dehydration which produces a hyperosmolar nonketotic state. This is where a person has been drinking large amounts of sugar containing drinks like pop. This can cause a vicious circle in regard to the water loss.
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