Best Naturopath Ottawa - Hypercholesterolemia is the term for the existence of high cholesterol levels in the blood. It is considered a metabolic derangement and not a disease, that could be triggered or caused by several sicknesses, especially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is closely connected to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, which means elevated levels of lipoproteins in the blood and hyperlipidemia which means high levels of lipids within the blood.
Different elements can contribute to high levels of cholesterol in the blood. High cholesterol levels in the blood are caused by abnormalities within lipoprotein levels in the blood, as these are the particles that are responsible for carrying cholesterol in the bloodstream. Genetic factors like LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, diet and sicknesses such as diabetes or underactive thyroid could all be contributing problems. The type of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle type is existing in excess, like for instance, low-density lipoprotein or LDL.
This condition is often treated by decreasing the intake of dietary cholesterol, and the administration of various medications. For specifically severe subtypes, an operation might be needed but this is a rare option.
Symptoms and signs
When there are yellowish-coloured patches consisting of cholesterol deposits found in the eyelids is called Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common symptom in people who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
The condition of hypercholesterolemia itself is asymptomatic, however, longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol could ultimately lead to atherosclerosis. Chronically elevated serum cholesterol contributes to the formation of atheromatous plaques within the arteries. This can take decades to develop. This particular condition result in the progressive stenosis or narrowing of the involved arteries. In various patients, complete occlusion or blockage can happen. These stenotic or occluded arteries really reduce organ function because of the lack of blood supply to the affected tissues and organs. In time, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia may manifest as particular indications.
A transient ischemic attack or also known as TIA is a brief ischemia of the brain. A TIA can manifest itself as dizziness, difficulty speaking or aphasia, temporary vision loss, paresis or weakness and tingling or numbness on one side of the body referred to as paresthesia. When inadequate blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain may be the outcome. If ischemia of the eye occurs, a momentary visual loss could occur in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking can be the result of not enough blood supply in the legs and insufficient blood supply in the intestines can present as abdominal pain after eating.
Certain types of hypercholesterolemia can present in particular ways. For example, besides the Xanthelasma palpebrarum discussed above, there can likewise be gray or white discoloration of the peripheral cornea, referred to as arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material referred to as xanthomata can be found on the tendons particularly in the fingers. Type III hyperlipidema can be linked with xanthomata of the knees, palms and elbows.
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