Ottawa Nutritionist - Nutritional diseases are conditions in humans that are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of vital nutrients in the diet. These sicknesses are commonly linked with chronic malnutrition. Problems such as obesity because of overeating can also considerably contribute to serious health issues. Acute poisoning can result from an excessive intake of some nutrients.
When the body consumes too many calories than the amount of work out the body is doing, obesity can happen due to a distorted energy balance. It can cause health concerns like for example cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity could lead to an increased mortality and different health conditions.
Among the key factors in obesity is the generally affordable low-cost food which is accessible to the poor within affluent nations. These fast foods are low in nutritional value, high in fats and high in additives and sugars. In wealthy countries, obesity is usually regarded as a sign of malnutrition and poverty. On the other hand, in poorer countries, obesity is often associated with wealth and good nutrition. Other causes of obesity include: heredity, lack of sleep, stress and lack of exercise. Acute overeating can also be a symptom of an eating disorder, like Bulimia.
The consumption of Goitrogenic foods can lead to goitres by interfering with iodine uptake in the body.
Vitamins and Micronutrients
Vitamin poisoning can take place when the body experiences overly high storage vitamin levels. This could result in toxic symptoms. The medical names of the different illnesses is derived from the name of the vitamin involved. For example, hypervitaminosis A means too much vitamin A in the body. Iron overload disorders are illnesses that take place due to too much iron within the body and the inability for this nutrient to exit, thus causing a dangerous build up. Haemochromotosis is one instance and the organs which can be affected consist of the the liver, the endocrine glands and the heart.
Severe health issues can take place when nutrients are unavailable to the system. For instance, not having enough proteins, fats and carbohydrates can result in protein energy malnutrition referred to as Kwashiorkor disease. Mental retardation and Marasmus can also result. When vitamins and minerals are restricted from the food intake to poor nutrition, conditions like for instance Calcium Deficiency, Rickets, Iodine Deficiency or Goitre, Beriberi, Tetany, Iron Deficiency or Anemia, Selenium Deficiency and Zinc Growth Retardation amongst others can happen.
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